What is Renal Failure?
Renal failure occurs when the kidneys fail to execute their role in removing toxins and waste products from the blood. There are two forms of renal failure: Acute Kidney Injury, a rapid loss in kidney function, and Chronic Kidney Disease, characterized by a slow progression of renal degeneration. Both AKI and CKD result in abnormal levels of fluid, potassium, calcium, and phosphate as well as unstable acid levels in the body.
Number of New Patients
Each year, there are roughly 2,610 new renal failure patients in Jamaica. Although the disease can be found across the island, there is a high concentration of chronic renal failure patients in the island’s central parishes, including Clarendon and Manchester. Research by the Caribbean Institute of Methodology and the Department of Medicine has found that cadmium, a chemical element found in the soil, can contribute to the development of kidney-related problems. Jamaica’s soil toxicity levels are high, especially in the island’s bauxite areas, which cover the country’s interior region.
- It costs US$2,095 per patient per month for dialysis treatment in Jamaica.
- Many patients cannot afford the treatment or the long journey for care.
- There are an estimated 540 patients receiving dialysis treatment in the country; 200 of these patients are in private care.
- There is an estimated 600 deaths each year that directly relate to inability to access dialysis treatment in Jamaica.
- Patients require treatments of 3-4 hours per session for 3 times per week
- There are 9 nephrologists practicing in Jamaica.
- UWI Mona graduates 2-3 nephrologists each year.
- UTECH trains dialysis nurses, with 40-48 graduates annually.
- Jamaica has an adequate number of renal technicians.
Hemodialysis Treatment: Public Patients
|Hospital||Number of Patients|
|Cornwall Regional Hospital (Montego Bay)||80|
|Kingston Public Hospital||80|
|Spanish Town Hospital||20 ‒ 30|
|University Hospital of the West Indies (Kingston)||80|